The best definitions of Maori-European relations are as follows:
- A lengthy and frequently tumultuous history. When Maori and Europeans first interacted, in the late 18th century, their interactions were both cooperative and antagonistic. In addition to trading goods, concepts, and technologies, the two cultures have fought over territorial disputes, national sovereignty, and cultural differences.
- A still-developing relationship. Relations between Maori and Europeans are still developing. Mutual respect and understanding are being increasingly recognised, and numerous initiatives are being made to create a more peaceful future. However, there are also issues that persist, like as colonialism’s legacies and the persistent gaps between Maori and non-Maori.
- A connection that is influenced by both the past and the present. History and current events have shaped Maori-European ties.
The phrase “A complex and often turbulent history” best describes Mori-European ties among the ones mentioned above. This statement encompasses the entire gamut of events that have influenced Mori-European ties, from the point of first contact to the present. Additionally, it acknowledges that Maori-European relations are still developing and that opportunities as well as challenges lie ahead.